Single case bookbinding

Workshop

Workshop with Rachel Zoller, London College of Communication

I already attended a bookbinding workshop a few months ago with Joe Dixon, but it was worth to refresh my mind on how to make a simple book. It opens again millions of new ideas and desire to create. I am really enjoying that time, a time of MAKING, a time of doing by HAND.
Nice (quite expensive) store to get materials and equipment : Shepherds (London)

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How to photograph a Fashion Show – LondonFashionWeek preparation

Technical

Equipment
-long lens (70-200mm f2.8 for runway ; 24-70mm for backstage)
-no flash
-eventually a monopod (never a tripod)

Setting
-Manual or Aperture Priority
-SS above 1/200 (push ISO if needed)
-white balance : tungsten or daylight ; if shoot in RAW set up ‘Auto’ and retouch in post-production
-autofocus AF-C (on top of crowd)

Before Shooting
-arrive early to set up the camera,
-watch the lighting and find the sweetest spot of light
-take a good spot

Shooting
-Shoot from below (heroic look) + lower from the others photographers
-Shoot vertically : full length including shoes, people want to see clothes (don’t forget back and details (+easier for magazines)
-Follow the beat of the music : fire on downbeat to capture models in mid-movement (cross legs, feet off the floor)
-when the model is at the far end, take a shot full length
-while she is moving, 3/4 (from knees up)
-at the front of catwalk, a top shot (torso and face + neckline, hairstyle, details) / before she turns up (she’ll own down prior to say she’ll turn) DON’T MISS THE SHOT
-don’t forget the back

After
-Choosing, Editing, Sending

Sources
The Ultimate Guide to photograph runway
How to photograph a Fashion Show

Inside Peter Lindbergh

Non classé

Following Paolo Roversi’s interest in natural light, I like the delicacy of Peter Lindbergh’s pictures. Here is what I keep from both of them.

SOFTNESS
Diffuse ambient light, soft tones, soft contrasts
Overexpose

ALOOF
Natural poses with an aloof expression, uninterested by the camera
Barefoot ; nude shoulders
White shirt, scarf, underwear
Intimate moment

SIMPLE
One modeling light  (soft box, HMI continuous light or umbrella) with sometimes a reflector
One background light (sometimes a card to shadow bottom body)

SLOW PHOTOGRAPHY
Long exposure (1/4″ to 1″)

TEXTURES
Play on association of textures (wool of a jumper, transparency of silk, fabric background…)

Inspiring

Creation is the birth of something, and something cannot come from nothing. When someone creates something: a painting, a poem, a photograph, the creativity comes from an idea, from a feeling, from emotion, or from a combination of ideas, feelings and emotions that are somehow ‘reborn’ from all our experiences and perspectives.

References
Lighting Essentials for Photographers, lesson on Peter Lindbergh’s portrait
Udemy, free online workshop on Natural Light Fashion/Beauty Photography
Couture Allure, Vogue Italia 2011, video on Paolo Roversi’s series of light painting
The Haute Couture, Vogue Italia 2011, video on Paolo Roversi’s backstage
So light, so charming, video of backstage of Peter Lindbergh’s shooting (2013)
Pirelli Calendar 2017 by Lindbergh : Behind the Scenes
Roversi, P. (1999) Nudi
Roversi, P. (2008) Studio
paoloroversi.com
peterlindbergh.com

White Balance

Non classé

A good lesson on Understanding White Balance in Digital Photography (source)

White balance (WB) is considered as one of the most important settings of a digital camera. Let’s consider a scenario where you want to capture the beauty of sea waves hitting the shore with an overcast sky at the background. Sounds interesting? Well, if you don’t use the correct white balance setting of your digital camera, you may get a picture with colors different from the actual ones. Therefore, in order to produce a beautifully exposed image with true to life colors, you must learn to effectively use the white balance setting of your digital camera.

1

Color Temperature

White Balance Chart - Color Temperature of Light Sources

To understand the concept of White Balance, you need to first understand the concept of color temperature. Color temperature is a characteristic of visible light. It provides a method of describing these characteristics and is measured in Kelvin (K). A light having higher color temperature will have more blue light or larger Kelvin value as compared to lower light, which has a smaller Kelvin value. The following table shows the color temperature of various sources of light.

2

How does the Light Affect the Color?

White Balance Comparison

You must have noticed some photos turn out with an orange/yellow cast if shot under tungsten lighting or a bluish cast if shot under fluorescent lights. This occurs because each source of light possesses a different color temperature. A digital camera can measure the colors in the red, green, and blue light of the spectrum, as reflected to its sensors. In a photo taken under the midday sun there is the whole spectrum of light (which makes up “white” sunlight). Under these conditions, the colors in an image appear nearest to the “true” colors. An image taken under tungsten bulb (a normal household incandescent bulb) without adjusting the digital camera for white balance produces the dull orange shade as it spreads the biased light. Similarly, an image taken under the fluorescent lighting produces a brighter bluish cast. However, it is possible to shift the color in the desirable direction, provided you have a good understanding of your digital camera and its settings.

3

Why to Adjust the White Balance?

Since different sources of light have different color hues, a picture taken with a normal white balance under artificial lighting conditions transmits the low heat to the camera’s sensor. This light touches the red bits of the spectrum, which results into dull yellow or orange shades in the picture. Though the human eyes can automatically adjust to different lights and color temperatures to sense right color, a camera needs to be adjusted to different lights for accurate color reproduction. By adjusting the white balance setting of your digital camera, you can alter the required light or temperature to produce the most accurate colors in a digital image.

4

Preset White Balance Settings

White Balance Settings

Auto – The Auto setting helps in adjusting the white balance automatically according to the different lighting conditions, but you can try other modes to get better results.

Tungsten – This mode is used for light under a little bulb like tungsten, and it is often used while shooting indoors. The tungsten setting of the digital camera cools down the color temperature in photos.

Fluorescent – This mode is used for getting brighter and warmer shots while compensating for cool shade of fluorescent light.

Daylight – This mode is for the normal day light setting, while shooting outdoors. Many cameras do not have the Daylight mode.

Cloudy – This mode is ideal for while shooting on a cloudy day. This is because it warms up the subject and surroundings and allows you to capture better shots.

Flash – The flash mode is required when there is inadequate lighting available. This mode helps pick the right White Balance under low light conditions.

Shade – A shaded location generally produces cooler or bluer pictures, hence you need to warm up the surroundings while shooting shaded objects.

5

Manual White Balance

You can also adjust your digital camera manually by setting a white object as the reference point. This is done to guide the camera how white the object would look in a particular shot. It is advisable to manually adjust the white balance when taking a picture to compensate for the changing lighting conditions. As the daylight changes during early morning and late evening hours, the varied light intensity is easily perceived by the camera. Therefore, you need to correct the white balance regularly while shooting during these times of the day. To manually set the white balance in your image, you first point your camera at a pure white object, set the exposure and focus. Now, activate the white balance on the object by pressing the button. It may take few seconds for the camera to perceive the shot, but it will this color setting until the next white balance is performed.

C

Conclusion

Some people consider it amateurish to use pre determined settings, when in fact there may be times when we are in a rush and cannot adjust everything manually. Also remember that using these modes will teach you about photography and ideal settings for different conditions. If in doubt, you can use Auto mode, then adjust the settings manually. Auto settings are there to be used so try them all, and become familiar with what each one does.

Perfect binding Workshop

Workshop

I finally finished to write the critical essay on Alex Webb’s representation of  Haiti and I worked on layout to produce a little booklet, modeled on the photo-book I studied (Under a Grudging Sun).
I printed pages at Reprographics space at LCC (where you can print perfect aligned double-sided page) and I wanted a perfect binding (with a few complication because of the size of the book). But I didn’t realize that I will have to do it !  I thought it will only take me 10min to download my file on their computer. It spent the all morning to bind my own books, and I really liked it !

  1. Print correctly your pages
  2. Squeeze the package between a batch of paper + cardboard + wood (on both side), make sure all pages are aligned on each side and closed the wooden wheels.
  3. Notch the spin with a knife (cross lines)
  4. Cover the spin with a thin layer of glue, let it dry 2-3min (x 5-6 times) It needs to be a slightly thick layer so that it holds every page
  5. Put a stripe of muslin on the glued spin and add 3 more layers of glue.
  6. Let it dry over night

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Toning B&W Print

Workshop

Toning
Toning is a technique to change cast of black-and-white prints and create a toned monochromatic image. During the process, metallic silver particles are replaced by silver compound. Different toning processes give different colors to the final print. It usually works better on fibre-based paper than resin-coated ones.

Caution : it is a toxic process, ventilate the room and wear rubber gloves.

Toning is interesting for two reasons:
.Change the colour cast
. Increase chemical stability and archival quality (longevity) of the print over years (sepia, gold toning)  or  decrease stability (iron, copper)

SELENIUM pdf
SEPIA pdf
GOLD TONING
IRON
COPPER

Split Toning pdf
Split toning is a technique to give different colors to the highlights and the shadows, by using two toners one after the other. Different combinations of toners will create different results.

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